Known as food is borne illness Food poisoning refers to the infection Caused by consuming contaminated beverages and food. The most common contamination takes place during the handling, storage and improper cooking of food. The common types of bacteria are salmonella, campylobacter and E. coli and apart from that there are viruses, toxins and parasites. The basic symptoms are diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pains. Doctors can at times prescribe food poisoning medicine to deal with the symptoms.
Mild food poisoning is not dangerous at all and can be cured on its own. We need to be sure to maintain the hygiene levels to avoid the food poisoning to reoccur. As the symptoms start to appear within the first 12 hours we must trace back the root cause of the food poisoning and try not to repeat it.
Food Poisoning Medicine – Treatment
The main objective is to ensure we consume enough liquids to that our body does not become dehydrated. Patients should opt for Oral Rehydration Solutions which help improve the minerals in the body. This is achieved by consuming clear liquids and drinks rich in sodium and glucose. It has been reported that with the use of ORS the mortality rate due to cholera which was 50% drops to 1%. It has been advised to consume for other diarrheal diseases where the body is losing fluids. The ORS itself is high in glucose, sodium and water across the gut epithelium which does not impact cholera. Hence World Health Organization recommend a solution 3.5g of sodium chloride, 2.5g of sodium bicarbonate, 1.5g of potassium chloride and 20g glucose in a liter of water.
Food Poisoning Medicine : Absorbents
Absorbents can control the timing of defecation. Which does not mean there will be a loss of fluids or increase the duration of the illness.
A gap or around 1-2 hours should be maintained between the intake of medicines and absorbents. Antisecretory agents can also be useful and a dose every 30 minutes of 30mL proves to be extremely beneficial. But should not exceed 8-10 doses. Antiperistaltics should be avoided with patients who have fever, bloody diarrhea, and systemic toxicity. As a results show no improvements and rather deteriorates. Diphenoxylate is available in tablet and liquid form. The dosage for adults is recommended to be 2 tablets approximately 4 times a day which is 20mG per day.
Loperamide is another absorbent which is used as is considered an over the counter food poisoning medicine. It is available in liquid and capsule. This medicine helps improve the intestinal absorption of certain electrolytes and water and decreases secretion and intestinal motility. The dose can range from 4mG which is recommended initially and can be reduced to 2 mG after frequent diarrhea stool; however it should not exceed 16 mG within 24 hours. This food poisoning medicine can be recommended by the doctor for treat the diarrhea or food poisoning related symptoms however if after 3 days of using the medicines there is no change, patient should consult the doctor again.